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Nunavut is the northernmost and least populated Canadian province. Iqaluit is the capital and largest city. Nunavut is made up of both mainland areas as well as islands. The province borders the Northwest Territories; Manitoba is south of Nunavut’s mainland, Saskatchewan to the southwest, and has a small border along Newfoundland, Labrador, and Ontario. The polar climate is what limits the population, with winter lows at -27 degrees F and summer highs of 63 degrees F.
About 80% Of Nunavut are Inuit, 15% non-aboriginal. The people of Nunavut support themselves through mining, oil gas mineral exploration, whaling, fishing, hunting, transportation, tourism, and the arts. Currently, an open pit gold mine employs 700 workers with several years left before its exploitation. The north holds vast reserves of coal, oil, and gas, and increasingly, these areas are being looked at to move into production.