There are full-time scrappers, hard-core scrappers, part-timers, and those that grew up in the business and continued on the legacy. And then you have hobbyist scrappers: those who one day heard about this thing called scrap metal, decided to try their hand at it, and got addicted.
The Perfect Side Hustle For Extra Cash
Maybe you already have a full-time job and you just got into scrapping, for whatever reason it may be. Whether it was for environmental reasons, being your ‘own boss’, or setting your own hours, one thing is for certain: scrapping is an incredible side hustle. Recycling metal in exchange for money can make you hundreds, if not thousands, of dollars extra a month, especially if you know where to look for it. We have heard quite a few times from Facebook group members or people commenting on social media that once you start scrapping, it becomes an addiction that might even convince you to leave a job and pursue scrapping full-time.
Suggested Reading: 12 Household Items You Can Bring To Your Scrap Yard
What You Need To Get Started
Basics for Scrapping Metal
Scrapping is actually a relatively easy hobby to start, as you don’t really need much money or a lot of tools to start it (as you progress as a scrapper, you WILL need or want to invest in certain tools to make your life easier/make more money). But for now, here are the essentials for getting started:
- You Need A Magnet – This may be the single most important tool you will need to get started. Being able to identify materials as non-ferrous or ferrous (the magnet will stick to ferrous material) is the most basic and important first step in scrapping. Knowing what material you have will enable you to sort it correctly and make more money at the scrap yard.
- You Will Need A Vehicle – Of course, you will need some sort of vehicle to bring your scrap to the yard. A truck or a trailer is preferred, but not required. Just know that scrap can be dirty, so if you are going to put it in your car, lay down a tarp or blanket (not your favorite blanket, of course) to keep your interior clean.
- Basic Tools – As previously stated, tools aren’t completely necessary to get started as a scrapper, but highly suggested if you want to make more money. Start with the basic tools like a hammer, a basic screwdriver and socket set, or even a basic wire stripper. Don’t worry about getting expensive tools to start; that will come with time and experience.
What Are The Most Valuable Scrap Metals?
Know What To Keep A Look Out For
If anyone’s to start scrapping, you have to know the basics. Knowing the difference between ferrous and non-ferrous metals is number one. Simply put, the difference between the two metals is the presence of iron. Ferrous metals contain iron while non-ferrous do not. Again, a magnet will stick to ferrous metals. Here are the most common metals of each group:
Sort Your Metals for More Money
Scrap Yards Want Materials Separated
Sorting is one of the easiest ways to make more cash with your scrap. Start by sorting the ferrous versus non-ferrous (remember, use that magnet we talked about!). Next is sorting within those two groups into individual metals. We talked about some of the most common metals above, but each metal has several grades of pricing, and it’s important to sort based on that alone.
Let’s start with copper, for instance. The grades of copper are vast; you have #1 Bare Bright Wire, which is the highest valued grade of copper, and then you have Christmas lights (copper within the wires), the least valued. Learning how to sort your copper scrap is an essential tip for making more money.
Related Link: iScrap Metal Guide
Dirty vs. Clean
Another easy way to make some more cash is sorting your scrap metal into dirty and clean piles. Clean metals are those that do not have any other metals or materials still on them. Dirty metals do have metals or other materials on them, like steel, rubber, plastic, and even oils or paint. Dirty and clean metals go for different prices, which is why you should be separating them.
Taking Apart Items for More Money
Once you start getting the hang of scrapping, one last way to make more money with your scrap is by cleaning the metals. We discussed dirty vs. clean metals, but you can make dirty metals clean again. Stripping copper wire is the easiest example to discuss.
Suggested Reading: Rating Scrap Items To Take Apart
Stripping certain copper wires will leave you with #1 Bare Bright Wire, and remember, that is regarded as the most highly valued metal to a scrapper. So you could either get, let’s say $4.00/lb for Bare Bright, or sell your insulated copper wire for $1.20/lb…which option do you think we’re choosing? Of course, stripping copper wire can be tedious and time-consuming, so it all comes down to what YOU believe is to be worth your time.
In addition to stripping copper wire, breaking down certain items can make you a considerable amount more. This ranges from copper transformers to washing machines, dishwashers, air conditioners, electric motors, and more. Using basic tools like a hammer, wrench, and crowbar can make dismantling much easier. And always remember to wear protective gear like leather palmed work gloves and protective eyewear!
Related Link: Beginner’s Guide: Scrapping 101
How To Get Paid For Scrap
Some Scrap Yards Pay Cash, Others By Check
Getting paid at the yard is pretty simple. Bring your scrap on over to your local yard (using the iScrap App to find yards near you!) andthey’ll weigh it for you on either a drive on scale – this probably won’t be the case for your everyday scrapper- or a normal scale. You will typically be paid either by the pound (usually non-ferrous material) or by the ton (usually ferrous material).
After your material is weighed, you will receive a ticket or receipt with what metals you sold, how much of it, what the selling price was, and your total amount made off the transaction. Payouts differ between yards – some offer more than one way for you to collect your money, like cash from an ATM machine on-site or by check, while others may only offer one way.
Scrapping can be a fun and profitable hobby, and we hear frequent stories of people starting out as hobbyist scrappers only to make it their full-time job after a few years of experience. If you want more insight, tips, tricks, and to connect with a community of thousands of other scrappers, join our group Scrap Metal Recycling Talk on Facebook.
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